BIOTIC Species Information for Cancer pagurus
Researched byKen Neal & Emily Wilson Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandAll British and Irish coasts.
Global distributionFrom Norway throughout the North Sea and English Channel to the coast of Portugal. Cancer pagurus may penetrate into the Mediterranean Sea and occur in the Black Sea (Anosov, 2000) but this is yet to be confirmed.
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth rangeFrom intertidal down to 100m
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional InformationAdult Cancer pagurus cannot tolerate salinities of 17 psu or lower whereas young (5-10 cm CW) can tolerate reduced salinities for extended periods (Wanson et al., 1983).

Substratum preferencesCobbles
Gravel / shingle
Sandy mud
Muddy sand
Fine clean sand
Coarse clean sand
Muddy gravel
Physiographic preferencesOffshore seabed
Strait / sound
Biological zoneMid Eulittoral
Lower Eulittoral
Sublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposureExposed
Moderately Exposed
Tidal stream strength/Water flowModerately Strong (1-3 kn)
Weak (<1 kn)
SalinityVariable (18-40 psu)
Full (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Wanson et al., 1983, Bennett & Brown, 1983, Anosov, 2000.,
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