Traits Resources

To view a the BIOTIC glossary which includes descriptions of all the BIOTIC traits, click here.

Click here to view the full BIOTIC reference list.

Publications that have cited BIOTIC

Colin R., Farrell P. and Cragg S. (2009). Confirmation of the identification and establishment of the South American slipper limpet Crepipatella dilatata (Lamark 1822) (Caenogastropoda: Calyptraeidae) in Northern Spain. Aquatic Invasions, 4, 377-380.

Cooper K.M., Barrio Frojan C.R.S., Defew E., Curtis M., Fleddum A., Brooks L. and Paterson D.M. (2008). Assessment of ecosystem function following marine aggregate dredging. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 366(1/2), 82-91.

Frid C.L.J. (2011). Temporal variability in the benthos: Does the sea floor function differently over time? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 400, 99-107.

Geary D.H., Hunt G., Magyar I. and Schreiber H. (2010). The paradox of gradualism: phyletic evolution in two lineages of lymnocardiid bivalves (Lake Pannon, central Europe). Paleobiology, 36, 592-614

Jones P.J.S. and Carpenter A. (2009). Crossing the divide: The challenges of designing an ecologically coherent and representative network of MPAs for the UK. Marine Policy, 33, 737-743.

Kidwell S.M. and Rothfus T.A. (2010). The living, the dead, and the expected dead: variation in life span yields little bias of proportional abundances in bivalve death assemblages. Paleobiology, 36, 615-640.

Lyashevska O. and Farnsworth K.D. (2012). How many dimensions of biodiversity do we need? Ecological Indicators, 18, 485-492.

Lambert G.I., Jennings S., Kaiser M.J., Hinz H. and Hiddink J.G. (2011). Quantification and prediction of the impact of fishing on epifaunal communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 430, 71-86.

Marchini A., Munari C. and Mistri M. (2008). Functions and ecological status of eight Italian lagoons examined using biological traits analysis (BTA). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56, 1076-1085.

Reusser D.A. and Lee H. (2011). Evolution of natural history information in the 21st century – developing an integrated framework for biological and geographical data. Journal of Biogeography, 38, 1225-1239.

Thrush S.F., Chiantore M., Asnagi V., Hewitt J., Fiorentino D. and Cattaneo-Vietti R. (2011). Habitat-diversity relationships in rocky shore algal turf infaunal communities. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 424, 119-132.

Van Colen C., De Backer A., Meulepas G., van der Wal D., Vincx M., Degraer S. and Ysebaert T. (2010). Diversity, trait displacements and shifts in assemblage structure of tidal flat deposit feeders along a gradient of hydrodynamic stress. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, 79-89.

Villnas A., Perus J. and Bonsdorff E. (2010). Structural and functional shifts in zoobenthos induced by organic enrichment - Implications for community recovery potential. Journal of Sea Research, 65, 8-18.

Publications that have used traits information:

Tillin, H.M., Hiddink, J.G., Kaiser, M.J. & Jennings, S., 2006. Chronic bottom trawling alters the functional composition of benthic invertebrate communities on a sea basin scale. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 318, 31-45 .

Bremner, J., Rogers , S.I. & Frid, C.L.J., 2006. Matching biological traits to environmental conditions in marine benthic ecosystems. Journal of Marine Systems , 60 , 302-316.

Bremner, J., Paramor, O.A.L. & Frid, C.L.J., 2006. Developing a methodology for incorporating ecological structure and functioning into designation of Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) in the 0-12 nautical mile zone. School of Biological Sciences, University of Liverpool , 168 pp.

Bremner, J., Frid, C.L.J. & Rogers, S.I., 2005. Biological traits of the North Sea benthos: does fishing affect benthic ecosystem function? In: Benthic habitats and the effects of fishing. American Fisheries Society Symposium 41 (ed. P.W. Barnes and J.P. Thomas), pp. 477-489. Bethesda , Maryland : American Fisheries Society.

Bremner, J., Frid, C.L.J. & Rogers, S.I., 2003a. Assessing Marine Ecosystem Health: The long-term effects of fishing on functional biodiversity in North Sea benthos. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 6, 131-137.

Bremner, J., Rogers, S.I. & Frid, C.L.J., 2003b. Assessing functional diversity in marine benthic ecosystems: A comparison of approaches. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 254, 11-25.

Wieking, G. & Kröncke, I., 2003. Benthic communities of the Dogger Bank (central North Sea) in the late 90s: Spatial distribution, species composition and trophic structure. Helgoland Marine Research, 57, 34-46.

Wieking, G. & Kröncke, I., 2000. Decadal  changes in  macrofauna  communities on the Dogger Bank  caused by  large- scale  climate variability. Senckenbergiana maritima, 31, 125-141.

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Creative Commons License BIOTIC (Biological Traits Information Catalogue) by MarLIN (Marine Life Information Network) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license are available at Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own terms and conditions and they may or may not be available for reuse. Based on a work at