BIOTIC Species Information for Astarte sulcata
Researched byLizzie Tyler Data supplied byUniversity of Sheffield
Refereed byThis information is not refereed.
Scientific nameAstarte sulcata Common nameA bivalve mollusc
MCS CodeW1925 Recent SynonymsNone

PhylumMollusca Subphylum
Superclass ClassPelecypoda
Subclass OrderVeneroida
Suborder FamilyAstartidae
GenusAstarte Speciessulcata

Additional InformationNone Entered
Taxonomy References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward et al., 1996, Tebble, 1976, Howson & Picton, 1997, JNCC, 1999,
General Biology
Growth formBivalved
Feeding methodPassive suspension feeder
Active suspension feeder
Environmental positionInfaunal
Typical food types HabitFree living
Bioturbator FlexibilityNone (< 10 degrees)
FragilityIntermediate SizeSmall(1-2cm)
HeightInsufficient information Growth RateInsufficient information
Adult dispersal potential100-1000m DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1990,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandRecorded at sites in Shetland and Orkney, the Northumberland coast south to Druridge Bay; the Llyn Peninsula and the Irish Sea, south Isle of Man and the west coast of Scotland. Also recorded from Torr Head to Carlingford Lough in Ireland.
Global distributionFound from southern Norway, south to north west Africa and the Mediterranean.
Biogeographic rangeNot researched Depth range
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesGravel / shingle
Muddy gravel
Muddy sand
Physiographic preferencesInsufficient information
Biological zoneInsufficient information
Wave exposureInsufficient information
Tidal stream strength/Water flowInsufficient information
SalinityInsufficient information
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References Bruce et al., 1963, Foster-Smith, 2000, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Hayward et al., 1996, Tebble, 1976, JNCC, 1999, NBN, 2002, Seaward, 1982, Seaward, 1990, Mackie et al., 1995, Hayward & Ryland, 1990,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonAutumn - early winter Reproductive LocationInsufficient information
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life spanInsufficient information Age at reproductive maturity
Generation timeInsufficient information Fecundity
Egg/propagule size Fertilization typeInsufficient information
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialInsufficient information Larval settlement period
Duration of larval stage   
Reproduction Preferences Additional InformationSlow gamete development, breed in autumn / oct - nov breeding when temps fall (Saleuddin, 1964), adhesive eggs and little or no pelagic stage (Ockelmann, 1958)
Reproduction References Ockelmann, 1958, Saleuddin, 1964,
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