BIOTIC Species Information for Processa canaliculata
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific nameProcessa canaliculata Common nameA shrimp
MCS CodeS1363 Recent SynonymsProcessa mediterranea

PhylumCrustacea Subphylum
Superclass ClassEumalacostraca
SubclassEucarida OrderDecapoda
SuborderPleocyemata FamilyProcessidae
GenusProcessa Speciescanaliculata

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Nouvel & Holothuis, 1957,
General Biology
Growth formArticulate
Feeding methodPredator
Surface deposit feeder
Environmental positionInfaunal
Typical food typesSmall polychaetes and sipunculan worms HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeSmall-medium(3-10cm)
HeightNot researched Growth RateNot Researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Al-Adhub & Williamson, 1975, Smaldon, 1979, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Nouvel & Holothuis, 1957,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound on the south-west coasts of Britain and Ireland from the coasts of Devon as far north as the Isle of Man and as far west as County Kerry, less common in the North Sea.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from the coasts of Denmark to north France, in the east Mediterranean off Greece and Turkey and in southern Africa off the coasts of South Africa.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate to warm temperate. Depth rangeFrom 5 m to 200 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesCoarse clean sand
Fine clean sand
Muddy sand
Gravelley sand
Muddy gravelly sand
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneSublittoral Fringe
Upper Infralittoral
Lower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Wave exposureField unresearched
Tidal stream strength/Water flowField unresearched
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References JNCC, 1999, NBN, 2002, Al-Adhub & Williamson, 1975, Smaldon, 1979, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeProtandrous hermaphrodite
Developmental mechanismNot researched
Reproductive SeasonNot researched Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span1-2 years Age at reproductive maturity1 year
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule sizeNot researched Fertilization typeInternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodNot researched
Duration of larval stageNot researched   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Mente, 2008, Smaldon, 1979, Gurney, 1923, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
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