BIOTIC Species Information for Dichelopandalus bonnieri
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific nameDichelopandalus bonnieri Common nameWhip shrimp
MCS CodeS1372 Recent SynonymsPandalus bonnieri

PhylumCrustacea Subphylum
Superclass ClassEumalacostraca
SubclassEucarida OrderDecapoda
SuborderPleocyemata FamilyPandalidae
GenusDichelopandalus Speciesbonnieri

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Al-Adhub & Bowers, 1977,
General Biology
Growth formArticulate
Feeding methodPredator
Environmental positionEpifaunal
Typical food typesVaries with season from benthic invertebrates during spring to bathypelagic crustaceans during summer and dead fishes during winter HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeMedium(11-20 cm)
HeightNot researched Growth RateNot Researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Al-Adhub & Naylor, 1977, Al-Adhub & Bowers, 1977, Lagardere, 1973, Pike, 1954,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off the south-west coasts of Britain and Ireland, seldom found in the North Sea and absent from the English Channel.
Global distributionFound in north-west Europe from the coasts of Denmark to north France, in the east Mediterranean off Greece and Turkey and in southern Africa off the coasts of South Africa.
Biogeographic rangeTemperate. Depth rangeFrom 33 m to 400 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesGravel / shingle
Muddy gravel
Coarse clean sand
Fine clean sand
Sandy mud
Muddy sand
Biogenic reef
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneUpper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposureNot relevant
Tidal stream strength/Water flowField unresearched
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References NBN, 2002, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Al-Adhub & Naylor, 1977, Al-Adhub & Bowers, 1977,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonNot researched Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequencyAnnual protracted Regeneration potential No
Life span3-5 years Age at reproductive maturity1-2 years
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule sizeNot researched Fertilization typeInternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodNot researched
Duration of larval stageNot researched   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Mente, 2008, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Al-Adhub & Bowers, 1977, Pike, 1954, Smaldon, 1979, Pike & Williamson, 1964,
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