BIOTIC Species Information for Pandalus borealis
Researched byMorvan Barnes Data supplied byMarLIN
Refereed byThis information is not refereed
Scientific namePandalus borealis Common nameA shrimp
MCS CodeS1376 Recent Synonyms

PhylumCrustacea Subphylum
Superclass ClassEumalacostraca
SubclassEucarida OrderDecapoda
SuborderPleocyemata FamilyPandalidae
GenusPandalus Speciesborealis

Additional Information
Taxonomy References Howson & Picton, 1997, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b,
General Biology
Growth formArticulate
Feeding methodPredator
Surface deposit feeder
Environmental positionEpifaunal
Typical food typesSmall invertebrates and planktonic detritus HabitFree living
BioturbatorNot relevant FlexibilityLow (10-45 degrees)
FragilityFragile SizeMedium(11-20 cm)
HeightNot researched Growth RateNot Researched
Adult dispersal potentialNot researched DependencyIndependent
General Biology Additional Information
Biology References Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Shumway et al., 1985, Allen, 1959, Howard, 1983, Sokolov, 2002,
Distribution and Habitat
Distribution in Britain & IrelandFound off the north-east coasts of Britain.
Global distributionFound in northern Europe from Russia to Sweden and the North Sea, off the coasts of Iceland and Greenland, in the north-western Atlantic and the north-eastern Pacific of the coasts off Canada.
Biogeographic rangeArctic-boreal to temperate. Depth rangeFrom 20 m to 600 m depth.
MigratoryNon-migratory / Resident   
Distribution Additional Information

Substratum preferencesMuddy gravel
Sandy mud
Muddy sand
Gravelley sand
Gravelly mud
Physiographic preferencesOpen coast
Offshore seabed
Biological zoneLower Infralittoral
Upper Circalittoral
Lower Circalittoral
Circalittoral Offshore
Bathybenthic (Bathyal)
Wave exposureNot relevant
Tidal stream strength/Water flowField unresearched
SalinityFull (30-40 psu)
Habitat Preferences Additional Information
Distribution References NBN, 2002, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Shumway et al., 1985,
Reproduction/Life History
Reproductive typeGonochoristic
Developmental mechanismPlanktotrophic
Reproductive SeasonSpring Reproductive LocationAs adult
Reproductive frequencyAnnual episodic Regeneration potential No
Life span6-10 years Age at reproductive maturity1-2 years
Generation timeNot researched FecundityInsufficient information
Egg/propagule size0.5 mm Fertilization typeInternal
Larval/Juvenile dispersal potentialNot researched Larval settlement periodMarch to May
Duration of larval stageNot researched   
Reproduction Preferences Additional Information
Reproduction References Pike & Williamson, 1964, Mente, 2008, Wienberg, 1982, Hayward & Ryland, 1995b, Allen, 1959, Howard, 1983,
About MarLIN | Contact, Enquiries & Feedback | Terms & Conditions | Funding | Glossary | Accessibility | Privacy | Sponsorship

Creative Commons License BIOTIC (Biological Traits Information Catalogue) by MarLIN (Marine Life Information Network) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license are available at Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own terms and conditions and they may or may not be available for reuse. Based on a work at