A sand hopper (Ampelisca brevicornis)
|Researched by||Penny Avant||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Ampelisca bellianus (Costa, 1853)|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandCommon around all British coasts.
Global distributionFound round north west Atlantic coasts from west Norway to the western Mediterranean, and in the Canary Isles.
HabitatMost common in fine or muddy sand mixed with shell, but also found in coarse sand and gravel, on the lower shore and sublittorally to a depth of 200 m.
- Laterally compressed, smooth, curved body up to 12mm long.
- Translucent white with dark brown and/or yellow scattered spots.
- Body not obviously segmented behind the head and each segment with its own pair of relatively similar limbs.
- Head longer than the segments immediately behind it and cylindrical.
- 2 pairs of slender antennae, the second pair being about twice as long as the first.
- There are large coxal plates covering the tops of the limbs.
Additional informationAccurate identification of amphipods can be difficult and usually requires some microscopic examination (see Lincoln, 1979).
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Dauvin, J.C., 1988e. Biologie, dynamique, et production de populations de crustacés amphipodes de la Manche occidentale. 2. Ampelisca brevicornis (Costa). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 119, 213-233.
Hastings, M.H., 1981. The lifecycle and productivity of an intertidal population of the Amphipod Ampelisca brevicornis. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 12, 665-677.
Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (ed.) 1995b. Handbook of the marine fauna of North-West Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Lincoln, R.J., 1979. British Marine Amphipoda: Gammaridea. London: British Museum (Natural History).
Environmental Records Information Centre North East, 2018. ERIC NE Combined dataset to 2017. Occurrence dataset: http://www.ericnortheast.org.ukl accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-38
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-12-02
South East Wales Biodiversity Records Centre, 2018. SEWBReC Myriapods, Isopods, and allied species (South East Wales). Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/rvxsqs accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-02.
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 15/03/2007