A 'coat of mail' shell (Leptochiton scabridus)
|Researched by||Anna Neish||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||Lepidopleurus scabridus (Jeffreys, 1880)|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandFound in the south west of England and more commonly around the Channel Islands. Recently recorded off Lettermore Island, Co. Galway and Broad Water, Co. Donegal, western Ireland.
Global distributionRecorded from the coast of Brittany, France, Spain, Italy, Greece and the Canaries
HabitatLeptochiton scabridus can be found at extreme low water and sublittorally attached to stones or pebbles which are often embedded in sand to a depth of 10-20 cm.
- Small, elongated oval chiton up to 8 mm long.
- Dorsal shell composed of 8 arched transverse plates.
- Dorsal surface of plates granular under hand lens.
- Shell valves not keeled and coarsely ridged close to margins.
- Shell off-white to a dull orange colour.
- Narrow girdle.
- Red colouration on ventral surface of foot of live specimens.
Additional informationLeptochiton scabridus was regarded as one of our few endemic British molluscs but recent records indicate a much wider distribution.
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Hayward, P., Nelson-Smith, T. & Shields, C. 1996. Collins pocket guide. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. London: HarperCollins.
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Jones, A.M. & Baxter, J.M., 1987b. Molluscs: Caudofoveata, Solenogastres, Polyplacophora and Scaphopoda. Avon: The Bath Press. [Synopses of the British Fauna No. 37.]
Light, J.M. & Killeen, I.J., 1992. Further notes on Leptochiton scabridus (Jeffreys). Journal of Conchology, 32, 117.
Strack, H.L. 1991. A second record of Leptochiton scabridus (Jeffreys, 1880) from Ireland. Conchologists' Newsletter, 118, 394-395.
Conchological Society of Great Britain & Ireland, 2018. Mollusc (marine) records for Great Britain and Ireland. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/aurwcz accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-12-11
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Last Updated: 17/10/2005