Conger eel (Conger conger)
|Researched by||Al Reeve||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandConger conger is found predominantly on the south and western coasts of England, Wales and Scotland and all around the Irish coast. There are a few records on eastern coasts of England and Scotland though the conger is less numerous in these areas.
HabitatDuring the day Conger conger are found in holes or crevices on rocky or sandy bottoms and in wrecks and other artificial environments. Conger eels become more active at night when they leave their resting places to hunt. Many Congers are found down to depths of 500 m but descend to as deep as 4000 m to spawn.
- Dorsal, tail and anal fins fused forming a complete fringe with a pointed tail.
- The pectoral fins are pointed with the dorsal fin beginning just behind the pectoral tip.
- The eyes are eliptical and the upper jaw is longer than the lower.
- Nostril openings face forward on the snout.
- Grey-blue or grey-brown in colour with black margin around dorsal and anal fins.
- Long snake-like fish that grow up to 2.75 m in length.
Additional informationConger eels spend their entire life in marine waters. Once they reach maturity, which takes between 5 -15 years, they migrate to deep water in the mid-Atlantic to spawn. Conger conger spawns only once and dies straight after. The larvae drift north eastwards until they reach shallower waters where larval development is completed (Wheeler, 1969). Conger conger could be confused with the common eel Anguilla anguilla. However, the conger eel has pointed pectoral fins, the upper jaw overhangs the lower and the dorsal fin originates from further forward on the body.
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Last Updated: 14/03/2007