Angel Shark (Squatina squatina)
|Researched by||Morvan Barnes||Refereed by||Admin|
|Other common names||-||Synonyms||-|
Recorded distribution in Britain and IrelandExpected distribution all around the offshore coast of Ireland and Britain as far north as the Shetland Isles and as far south as southern Ireland.
HabitatFound on the continental shelves from close inshore to at least 150 m depth. During day time, found almost buried in a mud or sandy bottom often with hardly more than its eyes protruding. Will often be seen swimming off the bottom at night time.
- Flat, ray-like body, broad trunk and large, high pectoral fins.
- Grey to reddish or greenish-brown with white spots and blackish dots.
- Up to 1.8 m in length.
- Nasal barbels and large round eyes.
- No ocelli on body.
Additional informationYoung angel sharks may also have white net-like markings and large, dark blotches, whilst adults are plainer (Compagno, 1984).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1 - Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes. FAO Fisheries Synopsies, 125, 1-249
Froese, R. & Pauly, D., 2007. Fishbase. A global information system on fishes. [On-line] http://www.fishbase.org, 2008-02-18
Howson, C.M. & Picton, B.E., 1997. The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Belfast: Ulster Museum. [Ulster Museum publication, no. 276.]
Whitehead, P.J.P., Bauchot, M.-L., Hureau, J.-C., Nielson, J. & Tortonese, E. 1986. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. I, II & III. Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
Isle of Wight Local Records Centre, 2017. IOW Natural History & Archaeological Society Marine Records. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/7axhcw accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-27.
NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Available from: https://www.nbnatlas.org.
OBIS (Ocean Biodiversity Information System), 2023. Global map of species distribution using gridded data. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. www.iobis.org. Accessed: 2023-12-02
This review can be cited as:
Last Updated: 25/03/2008